Cold Chain Warehouse Storage Technologies

  • Date Icon September 21, 2022
  • Time Icon 3 Min
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cold chain storage technologies
  • Deep Freezer (DF)
  • Walk-in Freezer (WIF)
  • Walk-in-coolers (WIC)

Cold Chain Transit Storage Technologies

Reefers — specialized trucks or containers with active cooling through battery-powered or other forms of refrigeration that can be used to transport bulk cargo over the road, rail, or ocean.

Air freight containers — containers that are designed to fit the confines and compliance mandates for airline freight usually used to transport smaller expedited cold chain shipments.

Ice Lined Refrigerators (ILR) — heavy-duty insulated containers that are lined with coolants passive cooling that relies on its coolants to maintain low temperatures.


Cold Chain Cooling Technologies or Temperature Control Methods

Passive Cooling

  • Phase Change Materials (PCM).
  • Evaporative cooling — Cooling agents like ice, dry ice, gel packs, liquid nitrogen, etc. as dunnage.

Active Cooling

  • Reefers — portable powered refrigeration units that run on fuel or battery packs.
  • Absorption or compression refrigerators/freezers — preferred when a power supply isn’t available or reliable.

Cold Chain Packaging Technologies

  • Insulators — thermal blankets, specialized foam, cold insulation bags, Vacuum Insulated Panels
  • (VIP).
  • “Dry” or “wet” shippers — a specially designed vessel with space for liquid nitrogen.
  • Cryoboxes or polystyrene containers — special cold box or cool box containers that can be customized for specific cargo, usually Expanded Polystyrene (EPS) or Expanded Polyurethane (EPU) containers.
  • Active containers — highly compact portable reefers.

Key Elements of Cold Chain Passive Packaging Systems

  • Rigid outer casing
  • Vacuum insulated thermal panels
  • A temperature control medium or PCM

The cold chain is vital to improving global food security, supplying better nutrition, and medicines to the remotest regions of the world, as well as furthering medical and scientific research through the reverse cold chain. Temperature-Controlled logistics also have an important role to play in modern-day business. Some of the advantages that effective cold chains give modern enterprises include:

  • Reduced product spoilage — which leads to lower inventory replacement costs and more revenue per shipment.
  • Lower likelihood of damaged product reaching customers — which means fewer legal and PR liabilities.
  • Better product quality & consistency — which lead to better customer service and satisfaction.
  • Greater range of transport — which helps boost exports and open new market opportunities.
  • Better regulatory compliance — especially in the transport of food and medical products, must deal with more stringent norms that are being more strictly enforced across the world.

Efficient cold chain logistics are vital to franchisors and retail service providers who are eager to build global networks and take advantage of growth opportunities in emerging markets.

With over 70% of the world’s population residing in developing or emerging economies, there are huge business opportunities for companies willing to tap these emerging markets. Enterprising companies are keen to take advantage of modern temperature-controlled logistics that push the limits of what’s possible, transporting greater volumes of more sensitive goods over greater distances.

This same push, however, is also amplifying risks. Besides the usual elements of risk that plague normal supply chains, cold chain logistics has its own unique set of problems such as product sensitivity, the mounting cost of freight, and growing regulatory hurdles.

Author: Danish Mairaj, CISCOM, PMP

Read the full article

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What is Cold Chain Management?
Elements of the Cold Chain Management
Top Trends in Cold Chain Management

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